The secure sockets layer, otherwise known as SSL, is the standard security method for launching an encrypted connection between a browser and a web server. This protective measure for two-way networks guarantees that all information streamed between a browser and a web server continue to be safe, integral, uncompromised, and private. SSL is considered by the IT security industry as the main benchmark for data protection and is utilized by millions of ecommerce sites in order to keep their Internet exchanges with their consumers completely secure.
In order to develop a successful SSL link, a server needs to first have an SSL Certificate. Once you decide to avail of SSL on your server, you will be prompted to accomplish several relevant questions about the identity of your corporation and its designated webpage. From there, your server generates two cryptographic keys based on how you answered the questionnaire: a Public Key and a Private Key.
Public Key CSR
The Public Key isn't required to be kept secret, so it can be placed into the CSR (certificate signing request), which is a data file that has the personal details of your company and website identity locked within it. Afterwards, you should then send the CSR for application. The SSL Certificate application procedure consists of having a Certification Authority arrive to authenticate the details you've submitted and produce the SSL Certification containing the aforementioned information, thus enabling you to use the SSL encryption protocol.
Your web server will then match your Private Key to your issued SSL Certificate; in turn, the server will be allowed to launch an encrypted connection between your customer's web browser and your own website during private exchanges, thus ensuring that the sessions you have with your clients are kept strictly confidential. Obviously, the SSL method is a very popular IT security choice among the proponents of ecommerce and online businesses.
Even though the intricate mechanisms that make the SSL protocol tick are invisible to the consumers' eyes, a key indicator on their browsers should alert them that they're presently under the protection of an SSL encrypted session. Meanwhile, clicking on the lock icon on the lower right-hand corner of your browser will display your SSL Certificate and its details to your designated client.