Advanced Cyber Security

Solutions / Solutions Part2 /

Vulnerability Scanning

A vulnerability scanner is a software application that's specifically developed to map systems and search for vulnerabilities in a network, computer, or program.

The first step in doing a proper vulnerability scan involves the examination of running applications, operating systems (OS), open ports, and active IP addresses.

From there, the scanner may either create a report or move to the next step depending on its findings.

Afterwards, the user must discern the patch level of the applications or OS.

This is the part where the scanner can take advantage of a discovered vulnerability that can crash a program or OS for the sake of giving the user a clearer idea of how serious or benign a given security hole is.

Why is Vulnerability scanning required?

The purpose of executing a vulnerability scan is to find known or undiscovered vulnerabilities in the devices in your network or programs in your system.

Naturally, different scanners can accomplish this objective through varying methods.

Also, some scanners work better than others depending on the type of system or problem you have.

Scanners could either be friendly or malicious depending on the intentions of a developer.

To be more specific, a security scanner can be used for either your benefit or detriment, so it's best for users and security professionals alike to identify and fix these code flaws as soon as they find them before any hackers, online outlaws, or virtual villains decide to use them against you and your computer.

Non-malicious scanners usually stop during the midway portion of the scanning process (that is, the step where it produces a detailed assessment of the machine's security rating and a list of vulnerabilities) but never actually move on to the last step (which is actually demonstrating what could happen to your machine once a security hole is exploited).

Vulnerability scanning is a lot like port scanning, packet sniffing, and other security-related actions in that it can either assist you greatly in securing your own system or be used by cyber terrorists to identify weaknesses in your network that they can exploit or use to mount an attack with.

 

Cloud Penetrator Video

Vulnerability Scanning- What is it?

The importance of vulnerability scanning cannot be undermined in  any case.

For those who are working in international companies that have their own networks, as well as private companies that have their own networks, it is very important to make sure that they find the vulnerabilities within the system and then erase them.

Vulnerability scanning is a very important job that must be carried out on a regular basis by companies.

So, what is vulnerability scanning? Here is a brief guide on what vulnerability scanning is all about:

 

What is vulnerability scanning?

Basically, vulnerability scanning is the process by which companies are able to find out information about themselves.

By making use of different types of remote testers, companies are able to find out where they are most vulnerable.

Once they know their vulnerabilities, companies are able to make use of reinforcement techniques in order to protect their systems.

Vulnerability scanning is becoming more and more important in the world of today, primarily because network operations are increasing in size and value.

Whereas companies were previously willing to spend a great deal of money in keeping their data private, now they have to spend large sums of money to protect themselves from external attacks.

 

The importance of vulnerability scanning

Over the past few years, there have been hundreds of different internet breaches and attacks on companies.

So, how does vulnerability scanning help in this? Vulnerability scanning is basically the process by which companies are able to find out information about their own security.

As the name suggests, the aim of this task is to find out 'vulnerabilities' that might exist within the system.

By carrying out a thorough search, companies are able to figure out where they might be at risk.

In order to carry out vulnerability scanning, most companies usually hire the services of a dedicated firm. There are dedicated firms that provide services relating to vulnerability scanning. What these firms do is very simple; they carry out remote testing on different parts of the compay's network infrastructure, and find out the areas where the company is most exposed. Once the company has found out the different areas where it can be exposed, a proper vulnerability report is created.

The vulnerability report basically consists of a number of different sections. It first identifies the different problems that might occur in a network system, and then quantifies the issues that might exist.

Once the quantification is complete, the report provides a ranking system for all of the vulnerabilities that exist, hence allowing for their clients to know which of the problems need to be rectified at first.

Some vulnerability reports also include suggestions that can be taken in order to improve the security system of the company.

Vulnerability scanning is an important tool in the world of today. It helps in finding out different anomalies that might exist, and it can be a useful tool in providing protection to network infrastructures.

Vulnerability scanners generally start from the basic nodes and work all the way up to the protected servers.

Their main job is to find out if any open ports exist, and if they do how much damage could be used.

Companies generally try to make sure that their networks remain as protected as can be, which is why vulnerability scanning is so important. 

 

Introduction to Vulnerability Scanning

Vulnerability scanning is a practice used to gauge computers, networks and applications for weaknesses in their defence.

There are numerous types of vulnerability scanning systems used but their main struggle is to search for vulnerabilities present in the device under attention.

A point worth citing is that vulnerability scanning is equally employed by vulnerability managers and hackers.

Vulnerability scanning is the automated procedure of proactively recognizing security vulnerabilities of computer systems in a network to conclude if, when and where a system can be attacked.

How does Vulnerability Scanning work?

Vulnerability scanning is carried out by an app or individual (occasionally) that finds out security defects based on available data of known flaws, testing computers for the occurrence of these faults and generating a list of the findings that a person or an enterprise can use to tighten up the network's security.

Vulnerability scanning usually refers to the skimming of systems that are linked to the Internet but can refer to system audits as well on internal networks that are not attached to the Internet to assess the risk of rogue apps or malicious employees in an organization.

Vulnerability Scanning scrutinizes the security of your system using the largest and best up-to-date ‘Knowledge Base’ of vulnerability database in the trade.

When you start or schedule vulnerability scans, the facility safely and accurately spots vulnerabilities using ‘Inference-Based Scanning Engine’, a process that intelligently does only tests applicable to every single host considered.

The service first collects information about each system and then selects the fitting test modules. The effect of scans on your system load is negligible because the service trials your existing bandwidth and then utilizes a fixed amount of assets that you lay down.

The ‘Knowledge Base’ of susceptibilities is constantly modernized as vulnerabilities are increased and updated.

For this purpose, it is best drill to schedule system security audits frequently to minimize would-be risk and ensure continual security.

We recommend planning routine weekly scans along with an on demand scan each and every time new devices are connected or configurations are up-dated.

With scanner applications you have more options to apply to every scan task.

You may choose a scanner appliance to send the task to a particular application, or you may choose the scanner parallelization alternative, to distribute the scan task among multiple scanners to improve scan performance.

There are several happenings that take place in the course of the vulnerability scanning procedure.

The standard demeanor for each of these happenings is very detailed.

To change the standard procedure, modify the scan and other options in your option profile and apply the personalized profile to an on request or scheduled scan.

You can state which probes are to be sent and which ports are to be scanned during host detection, and which TCP and UDP ports are to be scanned in the course of port scanning.

Vulnerability Scanner

Here are some tips for being less vulnerable

o Keep your operating systems up to date.

o Patching.

o Standardize your application software.

o Block third-party cookies & pop-ups in your web browsers.

o Delete cache more often.

o Use sophisticated passwords.

o Monitor sharing.

o Encryption of sensitive data.

o Managing alerts.

o Quantify risks and soft spots.

What is Vulnerability Scanning?

Vulnerability scanning is an automated security test that scans a target IP address for known and unknown vulnerabilities.

This can be done via a router, firewall, IP telephone, Windows, Linux, Unix, and so on.

When a vulnerability is identified, a detailed remedy is provided so that the end user can rectify the situation.

Intelligent Service Detection

SecPoint has an intelligent service detection built in so that when you have services running on nonstandard ports, the system will be able to detect and base attacks against these ports.

The end user is then always assured the most accurate and fastest scan.

Launch Real Exploits

New in this edition, it is possible for the end user to launch a high amount of real exploits against a target system.

Whenever the user launches real exploits, the service can help to test if the applied patches on the systems are working or not.

Denial of Service

You can launch a wide range of intensive DOS attacks for multiple applications such as web browsers, email clients, ftp clients, databases, and more.

Extensive DOS attacks can be launched in order to crash the target system.

The advantage of DOS tests is the fact that it allows you to check the stability of a preproduction system in order to discover potential instability vulnerabilities.

It is also recommended to test the stability of production systems during nighttime.

If an attacker can manage to crash a production system during peak hours, this can lead to irrevocable damages and financial losses for you or your customer.

Distributed Denial of Service

DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) attacks threaten computer networks worldwide.

The increase in the number, sophistication, and maliciousness of such attacks has been dramatic in the last few years.

Traditional means of network protection, such as firewalls and intrusion detection systems, are weak methods for identifying and blocking DDOS attacks.

The Penetrator can find various types of Distributed Denial of Service vulnerabilities so immediate action can be taken to solve this security risk.

cans any Operation System or Operating Device

The Penetrator is designed to scan any operating system and work its way through the whole process.

The appliance has a system built in that allows you to launch unknown buffer overflow attacks. This allows you to discover unknown vulnerabilities in your applications or in the target system.

Automatic Crawl System

The automatic crawl system will identify SQL injection, cross site scripting, and errors in both known and unknown scripts and software on your web server.

Advanced Scanning

The Penetrator allows for advanced customization in each scan.

The end user can fine-tune values and manually insert virtual hosts, unknown directories on the web server, enable aggressive scanning, extended brute force, and other features.

Through this approach, the Penetrator can do an even more customer-specific scan of the equipment.

It is designed to minimize its own traffic use on your network based on its intelligent scanning services.

Scan Template Creation

Through the scan template creation system, the end user can create scan templates with the specific configuration needed and use them for scheduled scanning or when making a new scan.

This ensures that the end user can apply the same policy after every subsequent scan.

Which in turn saves time as there is no need to make a new configuration each time.

Detailed Vulnerability Remediation

Detailed remediation information assists users in learning how to apply patches, install new service packs, and so on.

Furthermore, all links are always updated via the intelligent SecPoint quality system.

Advanced Scheduling

You can perform scheduled scans based on the templates of a single system or a large range of systems.

You can also make the scans start at any time of your choice.

It is recommended for you to scan all your systems in the weekend so that you can always have the status of your security level at the beginning of the week.

Non Intrusive Scans

The scans performed by the Penetrator are based on intelligent determination and is designed for minimal traffic impact on the targeted system.

This makes sure the scan is minimally intrusive for the customer.

SQL Injection

SQL infusion is a security helplessness that happens in the database layer of an application.

The weakness is available at whatever point client data is either erroneously separated for string strict getaway characters inserted in SQL articulations or client info is not specifically and along these lines startlingly executed.

Actually, it is an occasion of a more broad class of vulnerabilities that can happen at whatever point one programming or scripting dialect is inserted inside another.

The Penetrator can discover numerous sorts of SQL infusion vulnerabilities with a specific end goal to rapidly and effectively settle this security hazard.

Cross Site Scripting

The Penetrator can find many kinds of cross site scripting vulnerabilities so the proper steps can be done to defend against this potential danger. 

➤ Related pages
Anti Spam Appliance Guide
Spam Filters
Vulnerability Assessment
Vulnerability Scanning
Web Filter Appliance
Web Filter Firewall
What is a Web Vulnerability Scanner?
WiFi Hacking - Hack WiFi Software to Keys Click here